American Civilization by 1650 to the Present
Dr . Edrene S. McKay Web page: Online-History. org Mobile phone: (479) 855-6836
PEONAGE V. CONSTITUTIONALISM
TWO MODELS OF GOV'T
During the 17th 100 years, France and England moved in two very different political directions. By close with the century, following decades of civil and religious turmoil, ENGLAND acquired developed into a CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCH with a insurance plan of RELIGIOUS TOLERATION. By contrast, FRANCE developed an ABSOLUTIST, CENTRAL FORM OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT dominated by a monarchy that shared small power with any other nationwide institutions and prohibited all religions but ROMAN CATHOLICISM.
In the second half of the seventeenth century, within military business, weapons, and tactics sharply INCREASED THE PRICE TAG ON WARFARE. Mainly because traditional types of revenue had been inadequate to finance these growing costs – and also the costs of government – monarchs sought fresh ones. Only monarchies that succeeded in building a SECURE FINANCIAL BASE that had not been dependent on the support of noble properties, diets, or assemblies achieved absolute regulation. The FRENCH MONARCHY SUCCEEDED in this effort after mid-century, whereas the ENGLISH LANGUAGE MONARCHY FAILED.
In their quest for adequate salary, ENGLISH MONARCHS of the seventeenth century THREATENED THE LOCAL POLITICS INTERESTS and economic well being of the country's nobility while others of landed and commercial wealth. These types of politically energetic groups invoked traditional British liberties. On those grounds, they successfully resisted the monarchs' experimented with intrusions over the country. The experience of Louis XIV, the French ruler, was different. During the second half of the seventeenth century, he would make the FRENCH NOBILITY Based mostly on his goodwill and patronage. In turn, he'd support their local effect and their put in place a firm sociable hierarchy.
Spiritual Factors likewise affected the political destinies of England and Great britain. A strong Simple religious movement known as PURITANISM arose in the uk and positively opposed the Stuart monarchy. Louis XIV, in contrast, SMASHED THE SIMPLE COMMUNITIES of France. Having been generally recognized in these work by Both roman Catholics whom saw faith based uniformity impose by the monarchy as trying to their advantage.
There were likewise major institutional differences between the two countries. In PARLIAMENT, ENGLAND had a politics institution that had very long BARGAINED TOGETHER WITH THE MONARCH more than political issues. FRANCE LACKED A SIMILARLY STRONG CUSTOM of extensive liberties, representation, and bargaining between the monarchy and other national institutions.
Finally, PERSONALITIES enjoyed an important part.
During the 1st half of the 100 years, FRANCE profited from the advice of two of its most ABLE STATESMEN, Cardinals Richelieu and Mazarin. The four Stuart nobles of ENGLAND, on the other hand, got trouble simply making persons trust them.
In equally England and France, the NOBILITY and enormous landowners stood at the top of the social pecking order and SOUGHT TO PROTECT THEIR PARTICULAR PRIVILEGES and native interests. In the uk, parliamentary govt was the result of the work of the British landed classes to protect their particular concerns and LIMIT THE POTENCY OF THE MONARCHY to interfere with life around the local level. The FRENCH NOBILITY under John XIV, in comparison, eventually figured the best way to safeguarded heir personal interests was to SUPPORT THE MONARCHY. THE RISE OF ABSOLUTE MONARCHY IN ITALY
THE SUN KING
THE TOTAL AMOUNT
Brought an end to spiritual...